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The science program is designed to help students become scientifically

literate. One aspect of scientific literacy is the ability to recognize, interpret, and produce

representations of scientific information in forms ranging from written and oral reports,

drawings and diagrams, and graphs and tables of values to equations, physical models,

and computer simulations. As students’ scientific knowledge and skills develop through

the grades, they will become conversant with increasingly sophisticated forms and

representations of scientific information. The three major goals are: To relate science to

technology, society, and the environment; To develop the skills, strategies, and habits

of mind required for scientific inquiry; To understand the basic concepts of science.

 

Science - SNC1D

This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology,

chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to relate science to technology,

society, and the environment. Throughout the course, students will develop their skills

in the processes of scientific investigation. Students will acquire an understanding of

scientific theories and conduct investigations related to sustainable ecosystems; atomic

and molecular structures and the properties of elements and compounds; the study of

the universe and its properties and components; and the principles of electricity.

 

Prerequisite: None

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 % Summative Evaluation - 30 %

 

Science - SNC2D

This course enables students to enhance their understanding of concepts in biology,

chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and of the interrelationships between

science, technology, society, and the environment. Students are also given opportunities

to further develop their scientific investigation skills. Students will plan and conduct

investigations and develop their understanding of scientific theories related to the

connections between cells and systems in animals and plants; chemical reactions, with a

particular focus on acid–base reactions; forces that affect climate and climate change; and

the interaction of light and matter.

 

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 % Summative Evaluation - 30 %

 

Biology - SBI3U

This course furthers students’ understanding of the processes that occur in biological

systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of

biodiversity; evolution; genetic processes; the structure and function of animals; and the

anatomy, growth, and function of plants. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of

the topics under study, and helps students refine skills related to scientific investigation.

 

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 % Summative Evaluation - 30 %

 

Chemistry - SCH3U

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the

study of the properties of chemicals and chemical bonds; chemical reactions and

quantitative relationships in those reactions; solutions and solubility; and atmospheric

chemistry and the behaviour of gases. Students will further develop their analytical

skills and investigate the qualitative and quantitative properties of matter, as well as

the impact of some common chemical reactions on society and the environment.

 

Prerequisite: Science Grade 10

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 % Summative Evaluation - 30 %

 

Physics - SPH3U

This course develops students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students

will explore kinematics, with an emphasis on linear motion; different kinds of forces;

energy transformations; the properties of mechanical waves and sound; and electricity

and magnetism. They will enhance their scientific investigation skills as they test laws

of physics. In addition, they will analyse the interrelationships between physics and

technology, and consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society

and the environment.

 

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 % Summative Evaluation - 30 %

 

Biology - SBI4U

 

This course provides students with the opportunity for in-depth study of the concepts

and processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct

investigations in the areas of biochemistry, metabolic processes, molecular genetics,

homeostasis, and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on the achievement of

detailed knowledge and the refinement of skills needed for further study in various

branches of the life sciences and related fields.

 

Prerequisite: Biology, Grade 11

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 % Summative Evaluation - 30 %

 

Chemistry - SCH4U

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic

chemistry, the structure and properties of matter, energy changes and rates of reaction, equilibrium

in chemical systems, and electrochemistry. Students will further develop their problem-solving and

investigation skills as they investigate chemical processes, and will refine their ability to communicate

scientific information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in everyday life and on

evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment.

 

Prerequisite: Chemistry Grade 11

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 % Summative Evaluation - 30 %

 

Physics - SPH4U

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of physics concepts and

theories. Students will continue their exploration of energy transformations and the forces

that affect motion, and will investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields and

electromagnetic radiation. Students will also explore the wave nature of light, quantum

mechanics, and special relativity. They will further develop their scientific investigation

skills, learning, for example, how to analyse, qualitatively and quantitatively, data related

to a variety of physics concepts and principles. Students will also consider the impact of

technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

 

Prerequisite: Physics Grade 11

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 % Summative Evaluation - 30 %

 

Earth and Space Science - SES4U

This course develops students’ understanding of Earth and its place in the universe.

Students will investigate the properties of and forces in the universe and solar system

and analyse techniques scientists use to generate knowledge about them. Students will

closely examine the materials of Earth, its internal and superficial processes, and its

geological history, and will learn how Earth’s systems interact and how they have

changed over time. Throughout the course, students will learn how these forces,

processes, and materials affect their daily lives. The course draws on biology, chemistry,

physics, and mathematics in its consideration of geological and astronomical processes

that can be observed directly or inferred from other evidence.

 

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

Evaluation: Term Work - 70 % Summative Evaluation - 30 %